Group therapy is a format of work with a psychotherapist, in which several people gather with a certain regularity for joint meetings with a psychologist. Most often, meetings occur every one to two weeks. The number of group members is from 5 to 10.
Group therapy helps to resolve many difficulties: problems in relationships, life crises, internal stress, repeated negative scenarios in the family and so on. This form of work has features. The main difference is that the work takes place not in tête-à-tête with a specialist, but in a group. It would seem difficult to reveal their deepest feelings in front of other people. But it is in the group that an atmosphere is formed, filled with confidence and warmth, which are so important for psychological healing. Members of the group gradually cease to be strangers to each other, and mutual support becomes especially valuable.
Certain rules are established between group members for the possibility of free self-disclosure in a safe atmosphere of trust and acceptance (for example, the confidentiality rule). A group is a space in which each of the participants has the opportunity to “present” himself in different ways in his various manifestations, with all his difficulties and pressing problems in life. This is an opportunity to get non-judgmental feedback not only from a psychologist, but also from participants in group therapy.
The effectiveness of the therapeutic group is also related to the fact that it is a small model of society in the psychologist’s office. In a group, a person uses the same features and patterns of behavior that are familiar to him in life. With the help of a psychologist, he notices how he treats himself and other participants, how he constructs the interaction, how he expresses his thoughts and shows emotions. Thanks to this, a participant can review and master new patterns of behavior and introduce this new experience into his real life.