What is addiction?
This is an obsessive need to perform certain actions, despite the adverse effects of a medical, psychological or social nature. Dependence happens:
- physiological (caused by taking chemicals – drugs, alcohol);
behavioral (from gambling, shopping, risky behavior, etc.).
For all types of addiction, an increase in tolerance to the active substance is characteristic, which is why an addict is forced to constantly increase the dose. A person loses control over the use of the active substance. Termination causes “withdrawal syndrome”, which is accompanied by irritability, anxiety, nausea, pain and a desire to take a psychoactive substance in order to get rid of negative sensations.
In another sense, dependence is the desire to rely on another person (or other people) to obtain satisfaction, security, and achieve their goals. In other words, dependence is when one area of life crowds out all others and becomes the main one. What was once important ceases to be so, or simply depreciates. Particular attention should be paid to co-addicted people. These are close relatives of a dependent person, empathizing with him.
A simple example: problems with alcohol in one person, and everyone who is nearby suffers. Husbands, wives, parents, children, friends, colleagues, unwittingly involved in what is happening, all those people who are faced with the desire to help the addict, and the inability to do so due to the reluctance to accept any help, or simply because of incompetence. The inability to help meaningful loved ones causes feelings of despair, pain, resentment, helplessness, disappointment and guilt. So, they both face a lack of understanding. And in this case, the help of a psychologist becomes extremely relevant.